Periodontal Disease Treatment in Troy
Your gums are at the foundation of your oral health. Gum disease threatens the health and appeal of a beautiful smile, eventually leading to tooth loss if left untreated.
Dr. Jim Madany provides treatment for periodontal disease. We offer diligent care with a gentle hand. Contact our practice in Troy and schedule a consultation to go over your options for gum disease therapy.
What is Periodontal Gum Disease?
The term “periodontal” means “around the tooth.” Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis and gum disease) is a common inflammatory condition that affects the supporting and surrounding soft tissues of the tooth, eventually affecting the jawbone itself in the disease’s most advanced stages.
Periodontal disease is most often preceded by gingivitis which is a bacterial infection of the gum tissue. A bacterial infection affects the gums when the toxins contained in plaque begin to irritate and inflame the gum tissues. Once this bacterial infection colonizes in the gum pockets between the teeth, it becomes much more difficult to remove and treat.
Symptoms of a Periodontitis
- Swollen, tender gums
- Gums that bleed during & after brushing your teeth
- Receding gumline
- Deep pockets forming between teeth and gumline
- Chronic bad breath
Periodontitis is a progressive condition that eventually leads to the destruction of the connective tissue and jawbone. If left untreated, it can cause shifting teeth, loose teeth, and eventually tooth loss.
Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world and should always be promptly treated.
Preventing Periodontal Disease
Gums hold teeth in place and keep them healthy. When gum health is compromised, it affects more than just the appearance of teeth. Plaque and tartar buildup damage on the enamel and push down the gums, causing a recession and other issues like bleeding and inflammation.
If caught early, gum disease is easily treated with a simple prophylaxis. This preventive approach attacks plaque and tartar build-up at its root, eliminating harmful bacteria that contribute to the issue. Patient’ gums usually recover after a few treatments. By following up their daily routine of brushing, flossing, and rinsing with a non-alcoholic, antiseptic, mouthwash, gums will remain healthy.
Gum Disease Diagnosis
Periodontal disease is diagnosed by your dentist or dental hygienist during a periodontal examination. This type of exam should always be part of your regular dental check-up.
A periodontal probe (small dental instrument) is gently used to measure the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and the gums. The depth of a healthy sulcus measures three millimeters or less and does not bleed. The periodontal probe helps indicate if pockets are deeper than three millimeters. As periodontal disease progresses, the pockets usually get deeper.
Your dentist or hygienist will use pocket depths, amount of bleeding, inflammation, tooth mobility, etc., to make a diagnosis that will fall into a category below:
Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease. Plaque and its toxin by-products irritate the gums, making them tender, inflamed, and likely to bleed.
Plaque hardens into calculus (tartar). As calculus and plaque continue to build up, the gums begin to recede from the teeth. Deeper pockets form between the gums and teeth and become filled with bacteria and pus. The gums become very irritated, inflamed, and bleed easily. Slight to moderate bone loss may be present.
The teeth lose more support as the gums, bone, and periodontal ligament continue to be destroyed. Unless treated, the affected teeth will become very loose and may be lost. Generalized moderate to severe bone loss may be present.
Types of Periodontal Disease
When left untreated, gingivitis (mild gum inflammation) can spread to below the gum line. When the gums become irritated by the toxins contained in plaque, a chronic inflammatory response causes the body to break down and destroy its own bone and soft tissue. There may be little or no symptoms as periodontal disease causes the teeth to separate from the infected gum tissue. Deepening pockets between the gums and teeth are generally indicative that soft tissue and bone is being destroyed by periodontal disease.
Here are some of the most common types of periodontal disease:
Inflammation within supporting tissues cause deep pockets and gum recession. It may appear the teeth are lengthening, but in actuality, the gums (gingiva) are receding. This is the most common form of periodontal disease and is characterized by progressive loss of attachment, interspersed with periods of rapid progression.
This form of gum disease occurs in an otherwise clinically healthy individual. It is characterized by rapid loss of gum attachment, chronic bone destruction, and familial aggregation.
This form of periodontal disease most often occurs in individuals suffering from systemic conditions such as HIV, immunosuppression, and malnutrition. Necrosis (tissue death) occurs in the periodontal ligament, alveolar bone, and gingival tissues.
Periodontitis caused by systemic disease
This form of gum disease often begins at an early age. Medical condition such as respiratory disease, diabetes, and heart disease are common cofactors.
Gum Disease Treatment in Troy
Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. There are many surgical and nonsurgical treatments the periodontist may choose to perform, depending upon the exact condition of the teeth, gums, and jawbone. A complete periodontal exam of the mouth will be done before any treatment is performed or recommended.
Here are some of the more common treatments for periodontal disease:
Scaling and root planing – In order to preserve the health of the gum tissue, the bacteria and calculus (tartar) which initially caused the infection, must be removed. The gum pockets will be cleaned and treated with antibiotics as necessary to help alleviate the infection. A prescription mouthwash may be incorporated into daily cleaning routines.
Tissue regeneration – When the bone and gum tissues have been destroyed, regrowth can be actively encouraged using grafting procedures. A membrane may be inserted into the affected areas to assist in the regeneration process.
Pocket elimination surgery – Pocket elimination surgery (also known as flap surgery) is a surgical treatment which can be performed to reduce the pocket size between the teeth and gums. Surgery on the jawbone is another option which serves to eliminate indentations in the bone which foster the colonization of bacteria.
– When teeth have been lost due to periodontal disease, the aesthetics and functionality of the mouth can be restored by implanting prosthetic teeth into the jawbone. Tissue regeneration procedures may be required prior to the placement of a dental implant in order to strengthen the bone.
Gingivitis and Advanced Gum Disease
Patients showing signs of gingivitis, the early stage of gum disease, may require scaling and root planing. This procedure removes tartar and plaque buildup from below the gum line and smooths away ridges and bumps on the tooth. A smooth tooth root prevents tartar from building up once again. This prevents future infection and allows the gums to naturally reattach to teeth.
For those with advanced periodontitis, we offer consultation for periodontal surgical care. Our team advises gum flap surgery to completely reverse the ill effects of gum disease and restore gum health.
What Happens If You Don’t Get Treatment?
More than affecting oral health, bacteria from gum disease can affect other parts of the body. Bacteria access the bloodstream through the gums and travel throughout the body, infecting other vital organs. Recent studies have shown a link between gum disease and systemic issues like heart disease, diabetes, and Alzheimer’s Disease.
Treating gum disease and preventing other oral health issues greatly improves overall wellness.
Contact Madany Dental To Learn More About Gum Disease Diagnosis in Troy
Schedule an appointment at Madany Dental for a comprehensive examination. We provide patients with options for treatment, ensuring they receive the care they deserve. Call our practice today!
Please contact our office if you have questions or concerns about periodontal disease, periodontal treatment, or dental implants.